Treatment of superficial and deep wrinkles
Over the years the skin relaxes becoming less smooth and losing its elasticity.
This is due to slowing of the rate of cell regeneration and the disappearance of two key proteins: collagen and elastin that are essential for the skin’s elasticity.
It is then that the skin can split, become sore and wrinkled.
At the early stages, wrinkles appear normally at a depth of 0.2 -1mm deep. They become deep wrinkles when their depth is greater than 1mm.
It is important to treat them as soon as they appear to help slow down their progress.
Wrinkles form mainly on the face, neck and lower neck. These are the areas where the skin is most fragile and subject to ultraviolet light.
There are a number of factors responsible for skin ageing, including:
- The sun: the harmful effects of over-exposure are well documented: UV slows elastin production in the dermis and epidermis and weakens the cells.
- Smoking: toxic chemicals in cigarettes affect the vascular network that irrigates skin tissue. It also degrades certain components of the dermis, particularly hyaluronic acid.
- Air pollution: accelerates skin ageing by reducing the immune system.
- Lack of hydration: skin dehydration is a major factor in the appearance of wrinkles. The more the skin is dehydrated, the more the wrinkles are apparent.
- Lack of sleep: accelerates skin-ageing process, as does stress.
Different types of wrinkles
There are two distinguishable types of wrinkles, which correspond with two distinct treatments:
‘Expression’ related wrinkles caused by the repeated contractions of facial muscles. The skin loses elasticity over time. These folds, which are always the same, eventually mark the skin. They appear as:
- Transverse forehead wrinkles
- Wrinkles between the eyebrows (frown lines)
- Periorbital wrinkles (known as crow’s feet)
Ageing wrinkles result from age-related loss of firmness and decrease in elasticity of the skin and external ageing factors such as the sun. They appear as:
- Marionette lines (the corners of the mouth to the chin)
- Nasolabial fold wrinkles (the wings of the nose to the corners of the mouth)
- Perioral wrinkles and wrinkles associated with smoking (around the lips)
- Neck wrinkles that are horizontal or vertical folds
- Neckline wrinkles
There are also the wrinkles caused by the positioning of the head primarily associated with sleep patterns and are commonly associated with poor skin condition that leads to skin folds. Repeated night after night, the folds ultimately become a wrinkle. There are several techniques used to treat superficial and deep wrinkles.
The use of hyaluronic acid in the form of a micro-injection or as a covering across the face. This aesthetic treatment works well on superficial wrinkles, particularly in the young, where it provides long lasting hydration.
In adults, it can smooth fine lines on the cheeks and around the mouth. In effect, it creates firmness.
This fluid acid treatment is for wrinkle lines of varying thickness, particularly lines around the mouth and eyes.
Hyaluronic acid is used effectively for superficial wrinkles where breakages are evident. The injections are at a superficial depth and the result is very natural looking. The acid also helps to reshape the contours of the mouth.
If caught at an early stage, this wrinkle treatment will prevent worsening breakages. In different situations, the cross-link formula is used to combat deep wrinkles, nasolabial folds and marionette lines. Using a dense liquid solution, the breaks in the skin fill resulting in a smooth and firm facial appearance.
The product and treatment regime moisturises and gives deep firmness creating a natural facial appearance. Essentially, it creates a fulsome face with a glow that lasts. The product used is biocompatible and biodegradable with very little risk of an allergic reaction. It is suitable for all ages and all skin types.
There are little known side effects apart from some redness, which will disappear, so normal daily activities can be resumed immediately after the session. The resulting effect lasts between 10 to 18 months depending on the areas treated and the concentration of product used.
The length of a session is 20 to 40 minutes. Our aesthetic specialist will provide a customised injection programme to meet your needs.
By reducing muscle mobility, Botox helps to smooth frown lines, crow’s feet and forehead wrinkles. It treats the root cause of the wrinkle.
Botox can be combined with hyaluronic acid injections to treat forehead wrinkles that have become pronounced. It is a quick and painless treatment programme. The results are not definitive but the effect will last for 4 to 6 months.
This deep action treatment stimulates the elastin and collagen fibres and increases the synthesis of these molecules.
It reduces the fine lines and wrinkling through a process of homogenising of the surface of the skin, making it more uniformed, more homogenous, and effectively smoother.